Ancient Smyrna was founded on an island that takes place at the northeast of the bay. Although the first habitation of Izmir known to be dated from long before 3000 B.C., excavations could only go back to 3000 B.C. In the light of the excavations, it is known that the first settlements were founded at the top of the hill at 3-5m high from sea level. This first settlement was dated from Ancient Bronze Age.
Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and fifth largest city proper in the world with a population of 12.8 million. Istanbul is also a megacity, as well as the cultural, economic, and financial centre of Turkey. The city covers 39 districts of the Istanbul province. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbour known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) sides of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world that is situated on two continents.
In its long history, Istanbul has served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.
Destination Antalya, where history meets nature, is full of artifacts from Greek, Lydian, Persian, Roman, and Ottoman eras. Antalya is on the located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey surrounded by Taurus Mountains. Antalya is calling you with its palm-lined boulevards; prize winning marina; picturesque old quarter Kaleiçi, the restored historical center of the city that won the Golden Apple Tourism Prize; signature cuisine; and lots of sunny beaches.